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Quick Facts

Genus: Cervus canadensis

Location: North America and Eastern Asia

The Scoop

The Scoop

The Light Colored Deer

The elk is also known as the wapiti, a Native American word that means “light-colored deer.” Elk prefer open woodlands and avoid dense unbroken forests. They can be found in coniferous swamps, aspen-hardwood forests, and coniferous-hardwood forests. Elk range in color from dark brown in winter to tan in summer and have a characteristic buff colored rump. A dark shaggy mane hangs from the neck to the chest. Only the male elk carry antlers. These antlers can spread more than 5 feet. The cows, or female elk, are smaller than the male and do not have antlers.

Mature elk stand up to 60 inches at the shoulder- about as tall as a thirteen year old boy – and weigh as much as 7 such kids put together, which would be over 700 pounds. During summer, this social animal will live in herds with as many as 400 individuals. Elk migrate with the seasons in search of food. They usually eat grasses, but will also eat twigs and needles of fir, juniper as well as trees and shrubs during a harsh winter. Elk browse in the early morning and late evening. They are ruminant animals and bring up their food and chew it again to aid in digestion (similar to cows). This is also known as chewing cud.

Elk were once found across much of North America but were driven to take refuge in more remote locations. Today they live primarily in western North America, especially in mountainous landscapes. Elk protect themselves from predators through their herding behavior and large size. They may also use their antlers and sharp hooves to protect themselves.